Left Behind: Associating School-Level Variables With Opportunities For Global Education

Year: 2015

Author: Thier, Michael

Type of paper: Refereed paper

This study examines associations between school-level proportions of poverty and underserved student populations, as well as geographic locale on schools’ likelihood of offering any of the four International Baccalaureate (IB) programmes. I matched each of 1,420 U.S. public IB schools with comparison schools (N = 2,840) on three bases: state, grade span (e.g., K-3, 6-8, 9-12, etc.), and student enrollment. Despite IB’s reputation of being an elite club, descriptive statistics and logistic regressions showed rurality as having far more negative associations than poverty or underserved populations with schools’ likelihood to offer IB. Urban schools held a decided advantage. As the first empirical study to examine opportunity to learn in the context of the full IB continuum, I address implications for privileging opportunities to access global education and make policy recommendations to address disparities