Prediction of Academic Achievement from Intrapersonal Psychological Variables

Year: 1986

Author: Boyle, Gregory J.

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

Intellectual abilities may account for up to 25% of the predictive variance in academic learning under normal (emotionally neutral) learning conditions. However, under emotionally aroused conditions, ability factors cease to influence learning outcomes significantly. Instead, other intrapersonal variables (personality traits, dynamic motivational factors, transitory emotional states) play the major role in influencing learning outcomes, although they contribute only marginally to the predictive variance under conditions of mild emot- ional activation. Nevertheless, when change-scores rather than single-occasion scores are used in the prediction calculations, these non-ability intrapersonal variables may account for up to 50% of the predictive academic variance.