Aspects of inclusive education in the current educational policies of Slovakia

Year: 2012

Author: Miskolci, Jozef

Type of paper: Abstract refereed


By adopting the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities many countries all over the world committed themselves to “ensure an inclusive education system at all levels”. Recently the Slovak Republic has adopted the Convention as well. This paper aims to critically analyse current educational policies of the Slovak Republic whilst using the theoretical framework of the Index for Inclusion and organisational paradigm. In 2008 Slovakia underwent major educational reform by adopting the School Act No. 245/2008. This paper explores various aspects of this legislative act and related policies that impact on implementation of inclusive education principles at Slovak primary schools such as the system of assessing 'special educational needs' (SEN), the funding system of educating students with SEN, teachers' training and further education in inclusive education. The paper arrives at the conclusion that although the educational reform 'allows' inclusion to happen in Slovak primary schools, it also creates and perpetuates segregational practices happening not only to students with SEN but also to students 'from socially disadvantaged backgrounds' who often happen to be of Roma ethnic origin.