Stratification phenomenon of educational aspirations in Korea-with a focus on cooling-out phenomenon of educational aspirations among the working class

Year: 2012

Author: Kim, Jin Suk, Nam, Gi Gon, An, Kyeong Sik

Type of paper: Abstract refereed


The anticipation of high scholastic inspiration among Korean parents became known world widely as President Obama admired that eagerness. In Korea dominant discourse on scholastic inspiration is still as follows. "Every Korean parents have heated eagerness for schooling of their children". However, due to the intensified phenomena of social polarization in Korea has its effect on the scholastic inspiration. The eagerness seems to be polarized by parents' social class. Therefore, the necessity of the in-depth study has been increasing among educational sociologist.

The study of analyzation on the scholastic inspiration of Korean students and their parents were collected from the viewpoint of social class in two dimension. First, the difference of interest of parents about high school children's academic performance and children's study time and class concentration and their academic performance according to the level of parents' educational background were analyzed. The data was collected and analyzed from 2,054 high school students by survey in Korea. The results as follows. In the parents of low academic background, the level of parent's interest in children's academic performance and children's study time, class concentration and their academic performance were all low.

Second, working class parents' scholastic inspiration were assessed by their children. The data was collected and analyzed from 500 university students on open survey. The results were as follows. Many working class parents wished for their children to enter national university due to cheeper tuition compared to private university. Also the guide to university major was affected by the employment rate after graduation. They did not intervene directly in their children's course of study and expectation of their children's academic performance were not high. As consequence, during their children's highschool years private expenditure for education were low. The further in-depth study is needed in the future however, result of this study revealed that eagerness for schooling among working class parents are cooling out in Korea.