This paper reports on research which aims to investigate the nurturing of cosmopolitanism among school students and teacher researchers who participated in Western Sydney's Research Oriented School Engaged Teacher Education (ROSETE) Program. This research is situated in relation to the current literacy policy in Australia and in relation to current literature theorising cosmopolitanism. Data were collected from 26 theses by 26 teacher researchers who are volunteer teachers of Chinese in Western Sydney Region and whose theses are around their Chinese language teaching and their students learning. The data were coded and analysed with the aid of QSR NVivo software. It investigates the nurturing and forming of cosmopolitanism in the volunteer teacher researchers and among their students under the contact of different languages and cultures. This paper concludes with a discussion of the value of nurturing cosmopolitanism for young students.