The Effects of Chinese Values (Confucian Work Dynamism and Human-heartedness) on Students’ Achievement Goals and Learning Strategies

Year: 2010

Author: Leung, Man-Tak

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

There have been a number of recent studies that examined Chinese achievement goal orientations, learning strategies and their relations with other affective and cultural variables. It is argued and speculated by a number of local researchers that the Chinese values may have significant implication on Chinese achievement goal orientations and subsequently on their learning behaviors. To date, very few researchers have investigated the complex causal relations among these three constructs. In an effort to understand more about the implication of Chinese cultural values (in particular, Confucian Wok Dynamism and Human-heartedness) on Chinese achievement goal orientations and learning strategies, the present study attempts to examine the relationship between the constructs of Confucian Work Dynamism, Human-heartedness with achievement goals (learning goal and performance goal) and learning strategies. More than 200 teacher education students in one tertiary institute in Hong Kong was invited to participate in the present research. Three adapted instruments on Chinese values, achievement goals and learning strategies respectively were administered to the participants. Through application of SEM (structural equation modeling), collected data were analyzed by using LISREL. Interrelationships among the latent variables/constructs were fully examined. A confirmatory model linking Chinese values, achievement goals and learning strategies was established. Findings from the present study holding implications for further researches about achievement goals, learning behaviors and cultural variables will be discussed.