Substantial changes have recently been made in the ways schools are administered in NZ following the report of the Taskforce to Review Educational Administration (1988), known as the Picot Report and the subsequent government policy statement TomorrowÕs Schools (1989) . As part of the Monitoring Todays Schools Project, a nationwide survey has been undertaken, in two rounds of data collection, the first early 1991, and again in early 1992. This paper reports the views of school principals,trustees,teachers,parents and students on the impact and effectiveness of the changes on their schools, and the education system. While principals and trustees are relaÿÿµtively positive about the effect of the changes on their schools, teachers are strongly critical. Parents and students seem to have noted little change. The paper considers some of the evidence from the survey that gives insight into the reasons for these clearly different views. The focus is mainly on the first round of data, because analysis of second round data was not complete at the time of this paperÕs preparation.