In line with the cross-cultural studies of Tobin, Wu and Davidson (1989), this ethnographic study aimed to present a comprehensive picture of an early childhood institution in the Philippines, known as the Growing-Up Learning Center. The Method of study involved total immersion at the Center by the researcher for a period of three weeks which involved observation and active participation in the classrooms. Primary data, interviews with teachers and administrators, and a video recording of important cultural aspects of the institution were important elements of the research design. A critical analysis of the Center in terms of its philosophy and objective, structural composition, curriculum, facilities and emphasis on teaching basic skills to children was made. It was concluded that, as with findings on preschools in China, Japan and the United states, preschools such as the Growing-Up Learning Center in Baguio City, Philippines offers an alternative mode of caring for children, a radical departure from traditional practices of being raised in an extended family setting. In centers such as this one, self-reliance, language skills, socialization and citizenship training are taught and encouraged as childrens' development unfold.