Web-based learning or face-to-face teaching - Preferences of Estonian Students

Year: 2006

Author: Luik, Piret

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

Whereas one of the goals of the ICT development plan in Estonia (Learning Tiger, 2005) is to provide web-based learning for schools of general education, it is also important to know, what are the opinions of students. In addition, are the students ready for that kind of learning? Investigating in which phases of instruction it is preferred to carry out the web-based learning and in which phase students need direct contact with the teacher, the study was carried out in Estonia. The data were gathered using the electronic questionnaire in 2005. Participants of this study were 335 students from the 3rd and 4th school stage (forms 7-12, ages 13-18) in Estonia.

The data were analysed by using SPSS for Windows. Chi-square test, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test, Friedman test, ANOVA, t-test and Spearman rank correlation. The results of this study indicated that students prefer more partially web-based courses, where the practicing and assessing learning is conducted with the help of computer. In the two first phases (presenting information and guiding the learner) students prefer direct contact with the teacher. These results could be considered developing the web-based courses for the general education in Estonia.