Student achievement in developing countries: A triarchic theoretical and operational framework

Year: 2005

Author: Nelson, Genevieve, McInerney, Dennis, Craven, Rhonda

Type of paper: Refereed paper

Models examining the psychological components underpinning student achievement have been constructed and tested in a wide variety of educational settings. Studies examining academic motivation, self-concept, future goal orientation, learning strategies and self-regulation have been conducted in both Western and non-Western cultures, and have recently been extended to minority and under-achieving settings. This research however has yet to be extensively and comprehensively extended to developing world settings. The present study provides an overview of Okagaki's Triarchic Model of Student Achievement, a three-fold model examining the influences of the school, the family and community, and the child, on student achievement. In presenting this model, this paper attempts to provide a theoretical and operational framework in which student achievement can be examined in developing countries. The paper concludes with a discussion of potential research directions and predictions for the examination of student achievement in developing countries.