Motivational goal orientations: The effects of school climate and sex differences

Year: 2005

Author: Dowson, Martin, McInerney, Dennis, Nelson, Genevieve

Type of paper: Refereed paper

It is widely postulated that school climate and sex may influence students’ motivational orientations. Despite this, relatively little empirical evidence exists to support this postulate. Given this, the present study sought to examine both the individual and interactive effects of school and sex differences on students’ motivational goals. Approximately six-hundred middle school students participated in the study, where the effects of school and sex on three academic and five social goals were examined. Results suggest that school and (to a lesser extent) sex differences, as well the interaction between the two, significantly influence students’ motivational orientations.