How do children learn about the world? What impact do current issues have on their knowledge of the world? How do schools differ in knowledge of the world? How do gender and age affect knowledge of the world? What influences children's' attitudes to the world? This study of 545 primary school children in 13 different schools in New South Wales explores the children's knowledge of world geography and what influences this knowledge. It also investigates children's attitudes to places in the world and why they have these attitudes. Comparisons are made between this study and overseas studies. Discussion provides some insights into ways of improving our approaches to world understanding and tolerance of others.