To provide effective learning opportunities for all pupils we need assessment strategies that will be teacher-friendly and that encourage learning. Teacher-friendly assessment strategies are those that are helpful in identifying what has to be taught. Encouraging learning requires teaching strategies that use the assessment information to ensure students learn what they currently do not know. Izard (2004) has discussed teacher-friendly assessment strategies but warns that problems may arise in the choice of test items for tests for assessment for learning purposes. This paper considers theoretical and practical requirements for using assessment for teaching and learning, and reviews the use of a published test series to meet these requirements in a local primary school.