Teachers' control and students' motivation

Year: 2003

Author: Akhter, Selina

Type of paper: Refereed paper

In a cross-sectional study the relationships among teachers' control versus autonomy orientation, teachers' pupil control orientation, teacher pupil control behaviour as perceived by students, students' intrinsic motivation and social responsibility goals were examined from a sample of 145 teachers and 1400 Year Five students from 50 primary schools from rural and urban areas of Dhaka District of Bangladesh. Based on previous studies a model was developed and tested by using path analysis and multilevel regression design. The findings indicated that the class average for social responsibility goal pursuit scores was higher when the class perceived their teachers' behaviour as less authoritarian which was consistent with theory. In contrast, for intrinsic motivation, in classrooms where students perceived their teachers as more authoritarian, on average, the students perceived themselves as highly intrinsically motivated which was not expected. There were no direct relationships between teachers' orientations and students' intrinsic motivation and social responsibility goals, however teachers orientations were directly related to the perceived teachers' pupil control behaviour indicating teachers who perceived themselves as more autonomous and humanistic were perceived by students as less authoritarian. The results are discussed in the light of previous studies and cultural values