Dialogue as a strategy for enlightening help or oppression?

Year: 2001

Author: Ulvestad, Jorun

Type of paper: Refereed paper

The aim of The National Program of Parental Guidance in Norway is to support and to help ordinary parents in their parental role. The guidance is voluntarily. Professional helpers are meant to guide on the basis of scientific knowledge and in respect for parents' own practice and knowledge in their parental role. This new concept of building knowledge in the private sphere is based on the idea of dialogue. Macro perspectives: The number of professional helpers is increasing, and many problems seek solutions. Scientific knowledge is often seen as solutions. New knowledge is, in this way, pointing out which problems that are to be solved. Will this develop a situation characterised by solutions seek problems? Meso perspectives: Habermas understands dialogue as the foundation in developing emancipating knowledge. The purpose is to obtain consensus, carried out on a common rational basis. Lyotard gives rise to doubts to Habermas's underlying idea about intersubjectivity and universalism when he discuss the meetings between different types of knowledge. Further discussions: What are the professional-political perspective's of the main problems and challenges in the parental role, and what is the foundation of these problem definitions?