The Ministerial Papers Nos. 1-6, and Frameworks, are a series of policy documents published by the Ministry of Education, Victoria, between 1983 and 1987, which were designed to introduce significant changes to school decision making, curriculum and pedagogy throughout the state system. Recognising that teachers are agents with their own personal histories, values and ideas about good teaching and learning. This paper is part of a wider study which looks at those changes from the perspective of teachers in one primary school. The issues discussed here reflect some of the concerns and questions raised by the teachers which demonstrate the complexity of implementing changes in education, and raise doubts about the potential impact of any top-down policy change.