This paper explains the process of selecting a standardised reading skills instrument to be used with Indigenous children in various settings in Western Australia. The selection process included the examination of a number of instruments, and consultation with educators and researchers. The instrument chosen contained items that appeared to form a basis to assess the literacy skills of Indigenous children. The test was trialed with a small sample of Indigenous children in two schools. The pilot study results were analysed and the results discussed. Implications for the evaluation of Indigenous children and educational programs are drawn.