This paper reports the findings of a study of the role of three Catholic school system's administrative centres, the Catholic Education Offices (CEOs) in relation to the Federal Government's literacy and vocational education policies for schools. Within their respective State education contexts, the CEOs interpreted, mediated, and overwrote the two Federal Government education policies. Further, the CEOs structured the policy enactment process in the schools themselves. The findings of the study suggest that policy researchers and public policy designers should give attention to the influence of school administrative centres on policy implementation. Catholic school system administrators have a complex role in the present policy and economic environment -- one that will demand vigilance and political skill if they desire to provide leadership to Catholic schools.