Teacher stress: A comparison between casual and permanent primary school teachers with a special focus on coping

Year: 1996

Author: Palmer, Amanda

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

Three main areas of interest in this study of teacher stress are workplace stressors, coping and symptoms. Boyle et al (1995) suggests that workload and student misbehaviour are the major stressors for primary school teachers (p49). Carver et al. (1989, p268-270) suggest 12 major categories of coping, some of which are maladaptive, some of which are adaptive. Symptoms of stress include behavioural, mental, emotional and physical symptoms (Dunham in Borg, 1990. p 115). This study is exploratory, investigating the differences between the stress experiences of the permanent and casual primary school teachers, in terms of stressors, coping sand symptoms of stress. Perceived role differences are also investigated.

The sample consisted of 25 casual and 25 permanent primary school teachers. Participants completed a symptomatology checklist, and adapted forms of the COPE (Carver et al., 1994) and the Teacher stress Inventory (Boyle et al. 1995). Demographic information was collected. In-depth interviews focussed on coping and perceived role differences between casual teachers and permanent teachers. Data is currently being collected.