Movement Deprivation in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) - Case Study

Year: 1995

Author: Hammond, John, Sprinkle, Judith

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

Given the multi-dimensional nature of the child with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), value can be gained from examining individual cases. Through case studies, this paper explores the heterogeneous nature of DCD and exposes new categories of movement deprivation. This is achieved by reporting information gleaned about each subject from a group study, with the addition of information on the case study children not previously reported. Case study analysis provides an opportunity to explain theoretical concepts through real examples. This paper expands previously explored theories and findings in the literature, by presenting exemplars which illustrate various facets of DCD, either typifying or describing the diversity of the condition. Three children were selected for case studies, their home environments were stable in terms of both parents being with the family and there was an atmosphere of care and concern, being generally supportive of the children's needs. However, in all three cases there is a history of some difficulties in the early childhood years which may well have affected normal motor development. Genelle and Gary may have suffered from movement deprivation due to a variety of factors limiting their opportunity for physical activity. Anne has spherocytosis, which has led to major surgery at a young age. Apart from the disruption in the lead up to and convalescence from the surgery, this blood disorder is a limiting factor in some aspects of fitness capacity. Although the variety and degree of circumstances across this very small sample is typical of the heterogeneity of DCD, movement deprivation is evident across the case studies, suggesting it is a limiting factor during their early formative years.