The physical education curriculum management for confronting the “divers gap” among students: Issues finding from the comparison of survey results before curriculum reform

Year: 2019


Type of paper: Abstract refereed

Through our survey in 2003 (the comprehensive assessment about efficiency of the existing National Curriculum of PE in Japan), we found there were significant gender gaps in learning product. And it is inferred that the difference of learning attitude influences these gaps.Moreover, we suggested for secondary female students, PE didn’t make them convinced to improve motor competency and that it was not the place for learning.Now 18 years have passed since these results, it is desirable that these problems be improved through the reform of the national curriculum.The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between the existence of gender gap and the actual condition of student’s learning in physical education class, at a time when phrases like gender-free have been buzzing around the world.

We conducted a survey of male and female students within physical education class using the LCAS (Measurement Battery for Learning Career in PE Assess Scales; Unno et al, 2012).The samples were 694 students attending 443 high schools in the 1st grade and 251 freshmen of university. We have carried out our survey from May to June 2018 in Japan. In addition, in order to compere the secular change, we also referred to the sample surveyed in the past of 2007.

As a result of survey, comparing male to female, male’s ‘Learning Product’ was higher than the female's. This result was same as the facts shown in the 2007 survey also. In addition, although ‘Learning Attitude’ was non-significant between male and female in 2007’s survey, there was a difference between male and female in the 2018’s survey that female scored higher than male.Regarding the expected evaluation of the National curriculum, which should be improved after the previous revision, it has been suggesting that ‘Learning Product’ and ‘Learning Attitude’ have not led to results that lead to improved gender gap.Therefore, the Curriculum Management is necessary to consider flexible content that caneliminate gender gaps rather than simply listing goals and contents.