Behaviourally anchored rating scales in physical education and sports research

Year: 1994

Author: Webb, Paul, Jessup, Steven, Moore, David, Landy, Rod

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

This paper will analyse the use of behaviourally anchored rating scales (BARS) in physical education and sports research. BARS are used to determine competencies for specific roles. The BARS procedures consist of: (1) Two expert panels meet for a day to determine competencies. (2) They generate "action verbs". (3) "Action verbs" are used to determine statements. (4) Competency areas of the specific job are then worked out. (5) A survey instrument is then designed using a five-point rating scale. (6) The survey is then sent to respondents for validation.

BARS have been used to determine competencies of roles in many fields, e.g., nursing, pharmacists, etc. One example will be used in physical education and one in sports research. In physical education, competencies of Head Teachers of Physical Education will be outlined. The following roles were developed: staff development, curriculum, resources, whole school responsibility and community. The following competencies for each role were also formulated: communicate, negotiate, evaluate, develop and organise, motivate, lead, implement and teach. The questionnaire was then sent to 45 teachers for validation.

Similarly, the instrument has been used in determining competencies of State Development Officers in sports research. The results will also be outlined in the presentation.