The Comparison of Nationalism Value Between Indonesian And Malaysian Elementary School Textbook

Year: 2019

Author: Muhtarom, Taufik

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

This research aim is to know how the values of nationalism and civic education lesson is taught and to know in what ways the difference in the form or pattern of presentation of the values of nationalism and civic education lesson in the elementary school textbooks in Indonesia and Malaysia. This research is a type of qualitative research using textbook analysis method. The sample in this study were two elementary school textbooks in the third and fourth grade of the official ministry of education in Indonesia and Malaysia. The research result reveal that the way to present the value of nationalism and the civic lesson is through story, narrative text, song/ poetry/ letter, classroom activities, images/ symbol/ pictures, and factual news. The second result reveal that there were similarities and differences in the insertion of the values of nationalism and civic lessons in both textbooks from Indonesia and Malaysia. The third result reveal that the similarities aspects of nationalism and civic lessons from both books from Indonesia and Malaysia contained the most aspects of love country, heroism and cultural freedom. While the difference lies in the presentation of the value of nationalism through the way the activities in the class / discussion are very different in contrast, Indonesian textbooks ask students to discuss / do activities more than Malaysian textbooks. The next difference is in the number of insertions of aspects of love country, Malaysia more inserting love country values than other aspects, while Indonesian textbooks show more aspects of heroism and appreciation in the book.