The effects of quality child care on children from low income families: A study of outcome variables for some children in Singapore

Year: 1994

Author: Sharpe, Pamela

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

Research into quality indicators of preschool care and education continues to receive much attention, especially in terms of identifying which aspects are related to positive outcomes for children, their parents and the policy makers. Additionally, the long-term effects of programs such as those designed for early intervention are reported to be effective in improving opportunities for certain disadvantaged children. Given the proliferation of available and affordable child care provision in Singapore, this paper reports a study which is concerned with outcomes linked to the longer- term effects of experiences in full-day child care for a group of children from low-income families attending a family service centre in Singapore.

All child care centres in Singapore have a centre structure and environment which by necessity adhere to government regulations, and any such structural quality indicators are thus regulable. One indicator of quality which is not regulable, and therefore not readily monitored, is the longer-term benefit of full-day child care for children from low income families. As such, this study is concerned with the effects of participation in a full-day child care program on the children's social and emotional development and their adjustment to school. The paper reports on and attempts to account for differences in the children's behaviour in relation to the kinds of child care experiences the children had previously received.