Development of a Model for Students Holistic Development: A Case of Higher Education in Pakistan

Year: 2018

Author: Fazal, Shawana, Majoka, Muhammad Iqbal, Khurshid, Muhammad Anwar

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

Nurturing holistic development among youth is the main function of higher education institutions (Shek, Sun and Merrick,2012). Universities are assumed to prepare leaders and civil servants for the community equipped with whole personality, professional skills, citizenship characteristics, and capacity to work in this age of globalisation (Quinlan,2011). The overall prevailing behavior in public and private institutions of social services in Pakistan also necessitate for higher education institutions to play their due role in developing individuals equipped with knowledge and skills incumbent with world of work in global market, and having characteristics of sound character and identity rooted in socio-cultural norms aligned with sound national philosophy. Therefore, a model for students’ holistic development at university campus has been formulated with specific reference to Pakistan after collecting data from 28 selected universities throughout the country. The data were collected through mixed method research design through questionnaire (5 Likert Scale), policy documents and semi-structured interviews by using purposive sampling from these selected universities. The Quantitative data was analysed through SPSS in frequencies and percentages while the qualitative data was analysed through content analysis of policy documents and thematic analysis of semi structured interviews. This data revealed that most of the universities were lacking in offering students’ development services like programs for students’ psychological development, civics sense, leadership skills, career counseling, and skills for communication in the era of globalization and internationalisation. Furthermore, developmental theories that correspond to the development of different aspects of adolescents’ and adults’ personality have been taken under consideration while framing this model. Finally, this model has been validated using Delphi technique. Due to the aspect of holistic development, this model has scope for its implementation in the countries of the world having complex socio-cultural issues similar to Pakistan.