The Dilemma of Chasing World-Class University through International Publication

Year: 2018

Author: Agustina, Rina

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

World-class university phenomenon has reached countries around the world, including a developing country, Indonesia. Similar to many governments around the world, Indonesia put pressures on its higher education sector to chase world-class status. The label of a world-class university is prestigious, attracting students, and increases a country’s economic welfare at the same time (Altbach & Salmi, 2011; Blackmore, 2016a, 2016b). However, ranking is believed to be the outcome of neoliberalism. Neoliberalism brings out neoliberal thinking and practices have influenced Indonesia put pressures on academics to publish internationally for achieving world-class status. The recent publication policy, Regulation No.20, 2017, underlines for publications in high impact international journals and indexed in Scopus. Despite Indonesia’s publication number was third highest one behind Singapore and Malaysia, most academics published their works in predatory journals (Sterligov & Savina, 2016). Previous studies argued that the hegemony of English language as the scientific language for communication has been an obstacle for non-native writers (Flowerdew, 2001; Ammon, 2006). On the other hand, native writers also claim that academic writing is not something achieved naturally like spoken language, they need years to polish it (Hyland, 2016). Therefore, this paper intends to find out academics’ perspectives on: (1) their dilemma to publish internationally, (2) their challenges to use English as the language for scientific communication, and (3) the impacts of international publication. The research design is survey with questionnaire and interview as the data collection methods. The study is an-on-going PhD research and data is still in the gathering process. The study analyses the influences of neoliberal thinking and practices in relation to the phenomenon of international publication and English language for scientific communication. The positive and negative impacts of international publication are also analysed. Finally, the perspectives of academics on their dilemma to publish and English language challenges give insights as to how the Indonesian government will improve their approaches. (311 words)
Keywords: world-class university, neoliberal thinking, neoliberal practices, higher education, academics, international publication, English for scientific communication, predatory journals, impacts of international publication
(I made some revisions based on your valuable suggestions. I proofread all of the sentences and made them shorter. I also rewrote the objectives using numbers to make my points clearly delivered. Finally, I repositioned the data analysis and put future contribution of my study at the end of the abstract)