Turning up the volume – focusing on the Audio in Audio-visual

Year: 2016

Author: Phillips, Fiona

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

This presentation reports on findings from a video research study with a particular focus on the sonic or auditory data. Video research in education has focused mainly on the visual information. Research in sound studies has expanded rapidly in recent years, including much scholarship on sound and space (e.g. Augoyard and Torgue, 2006; Blesser and Salter, 2007; Bull, 2000; Saladin, 2014). The focus on the sonic element of a classroom environment stems from an initial finding in responses from video stimulated interviews with participants in a study on how teachers become more musical in their classrooms. In this paper I will discuss initial findings from the interviews with classroom teachers and articulate how using the videos as stimulus for the interviews raised the focus on the sonic environment of the classroom and why this is an important element in researching how teachers might become more musical. The interviews were held soon after or on the same day as the video recording occurred. This approach to data collection and analysis is also collaborative in nature. It is through the reflective process of analysis and discussion, that the turn towards the influences of the sonic environment has evolved. I will highlight the affordances of video based research in this process. The process of reflection and interview using the video recording as stimulus has initially raised 4 areas of influence.• The teachers voice and vocalisations;• The sonic properties of the physical teaching space;• The seepage of sounds into the teaching and learning space; and • The perceptions of ‘sound’ and ‘music’ in educational spaces.The process of video stimulated discussion and reflection has enabled the researcher to identify the varied nature and influence of the situated environment on the teacher’s decisions as to whether they might include more musical experiences in their classrooms. I will report on the immediacy of the video as stimulus in the interview and in particular on the remembrance of musical or audio events. This paper highlights the complex, responsive and highly contextual nature of in-service teacher practice with regard to inclusion of more music and what causes influence on becoming more musical in the classroom.