The modification of the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES) to measure tertiary learning environments

Year: 1994

Author: Dart, Barry

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

This paper reports an attempt to validate the factorial structure of the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES) (Taylor & Fraser, 1991) at the tertiary level, using both "theoretical" exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis.

The CLES was originally developed and validated for secondary school settings. The data comprised responses from 500 students enrolled in various subjects offered by the Faculty of Education of a large metropolitan Australian university. Modification of this scale through the deletion of unsatisfactory items and the inclusion of other appropriate items led to the development of a scale more suited to measuring constructivist learning environments at the tertiary level.