Facilitators and barriers that influence the career trajectories of Indigenous sport coaches: A systematic review of the literature

Sport has social, psychological, and physical significance for Indigenous people. Despite this, little is known about Indigenous sport coaches, their coach education, and career trajectories. This presentation focuses on the results from a systematic review that used Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory (1977) and models of human behaviour (1999) to explore the facilitators and barriers influencing sport-coaching roles for Indigenous people. A systematic review of English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese articles was undertaken using nine databases including Sport Discus, ERIC, ScienceDirect, and Scopus. Peer reviewed journal manuscripts from 1970-2014 were included for appraisal. Eight studies included information about the facilitators and barriers for Indigenous people’s careers in sport coaching. The results reveal a variety of individual, interpersonal, organisational, and societal factors that facilitate and impede the representation of Indigenous people in sport coaching roles. The findings from this review may be used to inform educational organisations about the nature of Indigenous people’s participation in, and education for, sport coaching roles. The limited number of academically driven studies in the area of Indigenous sport coaching presents an ideal opportunity for further investigation in this field.