A structural model of personality traits, academic motivation and cognitive and thinking styles of Hong Kong undergraduates

Year: 2015

Author: Leung, Man-Tak, Ping Lee, Chor

Type of paper: Abstract refereed

The objective of the present research aims at examining the structural relationship between university students’ personality types of enneagram and their academic motivation, and further examine how academic motivation can subsequently affect their cognitive styles (information processing style) and thinking style. There are two hundred and eight participants which are convenient samples who participated in this research. Seven of the enneagram types including reformer, helper, achiever, individualist, enthusiast, challenger, and peacemaker were found to be significant indictors for the enneagram types. Result indicated that achiever and helper were more likely to be motivated by both intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Beside, individualist was likely to be motivated by their intrinsic motivation. Challenger was likely to be motivated by extrinsic motivation. Last but not least, peacemaker was difficult to be motivated. On top of these, academic motivation showed affiliation with student’s cognitive styles, in which intrinsic motivation can predict both visual and verbal information processing. In addition a structural model embracing enneagram, academic motivation and cognitive styles of university students in Hong Kong can be successfully formulated with reasonable goodness of fit. Practical contribution of the present study to the present Hong Kong educational and school setting will be fully discussed.

Keywords: Enneagram, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, cognitive styles, thinking styles